Alexander Cooley, the Claire Tow Professor of Political Science at Barnard College and Director of Columbia University’s Harriman Institute, and George Gavrilis, an independent consultant specializing in international relations, higher education, and oral history, recently published a policy memo on PONARS which uses the Harriman Institute oral histories conducted by CCOHR to explore post-cold war developments in area studies. The authors dispute the perceived decline of area studies after the collapse of the Soviet Union by tracing the paths of those involved in the Harriman Institute. Many of these individuals, among them Elizabeth Valkenier, Edward Kasinec, Jack Snyder, Alexander Motyl, and Peter Charow, among others, went on to play important roles in political science, human rights, studies of nationalism, art history and the non-governmental sector. Reflecting on these oral histories, Cooley and Gavrilis conclude with the suggestion that we move away from the "rise and fall” model of area studies by addressing how area studies can evolve to meet the needs of our current moment.
INCITE is proud to announce the launch of the Facing Whiteness website. A collaboration between INCITE and Whitney Dow (creator of the “Whiteness Project”), Facing Whiteness explores how Americans who identify as white or partially white think about their racial identities, along with a variety of other issues. Over the course of 19 months (2017-18), we focused on three communities: Battle Creek, Michigan; Cheyenne, Wyoming; and Richmond, Virginia. In each location, we participated in and observed local life: we attended church services and political meetings; visited local stores to discuss business and the community; and chatted with many, many people over coffee. Local participants became involved in Facing Whiteness through these social networks, completing our intake survey and, in some cases, participating in filmed interviews and later surveys.
The Facing Whiteness website houses many of the project’s outcomes, including: the full interview transcripts of all 110 participants, along with video excerpts, biographical information and participant-submitted photographs; visuals from the intake survey of over 850 residents, as well as a request form for access to all of the de-identified survey data; demographic, socioeconomic and political information about the three study locations; and an interactive timeline of the project. We hope the website will serve as a resource to those communities and individuals involved in conversations about race in America today. The website may be accessed at the following URL: https://www.facingwhiteness.incite.columbia.edu/.
We look forward to hearing your questions and comments regarding Facing Whiteness. If you have any communications regarding the project or website, please do not hesitate to contact us through Sam Lutzker (firstname.lastname@example.org).
On Monday, October 22, our university community, friends from NYU and CUNY, and members of the public gathered at Columbia Journalism School to celebrate the launch of Adam Reich and Peter Bearman's new book Working for Respect: Community and Conflict at Walmart. We thank everyone for coming - it was a lively crowd!
You can learn more about and purchase the book here.
This past Saturday, September 29th, Sakhi for South Asian Women, a NYC-based gender justice organization hosted their first fall volunteer training at INCITE. We were excited to be able to offer our space and resources to support the important work which Sakhi does to engage communities and to encourage change. Support was offered through INCITE’s Resources for Nonprofits Initiative, through which organizations in New York City that promote just, equitable societies might request the use of Columbia resources, including but not limited to space for meetings or small events, a budget for food, computer or software use, etc.
We are looking forward to hosting Sakhi again for the second day of their fall volunteer training this coming Saturday, October 6th.
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a three-year, $1.5 million grant to co-Principal Investigators Peter Bearman, Director of INCITE, and Christine Fountain, Associate Professor of Sociology at Fordham University to support their work on Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and Autism. Keely Cheslack Postava, Adjunct Associate Research Scientist in the Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University, is a Co-Investigator on this project.
The goal of this study is to build and analyze the largest and most detailed dataset in existence—containing more than 11 million children born over two decades—on ART and developmental disabilities including autism, intellectual disability, and cerebral palsy, with the ultimate aims of understanding the relationship between ART and risk of these disorders, and distinguishing the social and biological mechanisms of the association. A unique feature of the dataset is rich geospatial data, enabling researchers to explore neighborhood and contextual factors that shape ART usage and autism diagnoses. In addition, the longitudinal nature of the data will provide a crucial picture of the long-term outcomes of children with autism from diagnosis and into adolescence and beyond. This research will provide families and health care providers with better information on which to make decisions, and help identify potential modifiable risk factors for autism and other developmental disabilities.
INCITE will be joined this fall by three postdoctoral research scholars. They will contribute to research efforts for the Measuring Liberal Arts Education Project and the Research and Empirical Analysis of Labor Migration (REALM) pgoram, to work on a variety of projects as well as to continue developing their own research. We are excited for them to join us!
Postdoctoral Research Scholars
Chad Borkenhagen is a Postdoctoral Research Scholar on the Measuring the Liberal Arts project at INCITE. He received his PhD in Sociology from the University of Chicago, and his research employs both qualitative and computational methods to explore the relationship between knowledge, culture, and organizational fields. His work has appeared in a number of journals, including Social Forces, Social Studies of Science, and Poetics.
Siqi Han is a Postdoctoral Research Scholar on the Measuring the Liberal Arts project at INCITE. She received her PhD in Sociology from The Ohio State University, and her research agenda examines class inequality in education and in the transition to adulthood. This research agenda is motivated by a theoretical interest in the economic and non-economic impacts of education over the life course. Her recent projects looked at the incentives and disincentives for pursuing a degree in STEM, the differences in transition to adulthood by college field of study, and the reward structure for non-cognitive skills in high school. These projects appeared in Journal of Marriage and Family, Social Science Research, Demographic Research, and other academic journals.
Anna Lunn is Postdoctoral Research Scholar working on INCITE’s Research and Empirical Analysis of Labor Migration project. She received a PhD in Sociology from Stanford University, and her research focuses on the social dimensions of individual and household economic decision-making in both India and the United States. She is particularly interested in how physical and social spaces shape the interpersonal exchanges around material goods. Her research combines qualitative interviews, statistical analysis and social network analysis. Her research has been supported by National Science Foundation (NSF), Stanford Center for International Development (SCID), and Stanford Institute for Innovation in Developing Economies (SEED). She is a former DHAsia/Mellon Foundation Dissertation Fellow. Her work has appeared in Sociological Perspetives and Socio-Economic Review.
As a part of the Resources for Nonprofits initiative, this summer INCITE provided support to a number of organizations throughout New York City, offering space and financial support. The organizations that applied for and received support are committed to the promotion of a more just and equitable society.
Organizations which have received support to date include: African Communities Together, Anakbayan-NY, Art Start, and Global Action Project. We are excited to support these organizations and more as we continue to develop this initiative.
For the summer of 2018 INCITE will host a group of high school undergraduate fellows who will devote their time to different INCITE projects. As they engage in their individual research tasks, the fellows will hone their own skills while also becoming familiar with INCITE's community and its various projects. In addition, fellows will gain insights on the research process from researchers possessing a wide range of experiences and have opportunities to develop their own questions and ideas. We are excited to have them join us for this summer!
2018 High School and Undergraduate Summer Fellows
Jakub Boros, New York University Abu Dhabi
Melisa Demirovic, New York University Abu Dhabi
Riya Dulepet, High School Fellow
Akash Jason Singh, Columbia University
Keshar Shahi, New York University Abu Dhabi
Mark Xu, New York University Abu Dhabi
As of July 1, 2018 Amy Starecheski will be the director of OHMA (The Oral History Master of Arts program). Amy has been co-directing OHMA with Mary Marshall Clark who as of this transition will become a Founding Co-Director with Peter Bearman. Mary Marshall will also continue as the Director of CCOHR (the Columbia Center for Oral History Research). We would like to take this moment to recognize and thank Mary Marshall and congratulate Amy as the two assume their new roles.
A paper written by Mark Anthony Hoffman, Jean-Philippe Cointet, Philipp Brandt, Newton Key and Peter Bearman to be published in Poetics has won the American Sociological Association’s Religion Section 2018 Distinguished Article Award. The award honors a peer-reviewed article that makes an outstanding contribution to the sociology of religion.
In the article, the authors reveal the semantic structure of the Protestant Bible by identifying certain topics. They begin by describing the organization of the Old and New Testaments, and then consider the uses of specific verses and sermons by Dissenters and Conformists. By mapping a semantic network of the Bible, the authors note a structure which highlights different contents reflecting denominations’ religious inspirations and concerns.
Working for Respect is an examination of the position of workers in places like Walmart in the struggle for economic and social justice. Reich and Bearman focus on the unique position of Walmart in the American workforce and what this model poses for the future of labor. One possible future which they discuss, Walmartism, looks at the ways that increasingly centralized control limits workers’ ability to control their working conditions and their lives.
By matching student activists with the Organization United for Respect at Walmart (OUR Walmart), Reich and Bearman pursue questions of collective identity, the role of traditional unions and the relationship between social ties and social change culminating in this book which stands as an important reflection on the development and future of the modern workplace.
“Why do certain group members end up liking each other more than others?” This is the key question posed in a recent paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and featured in Psychology Today. Written by INCITE affiliates Noam Zerubavel, Mark Hoffman, Adam Reich, Kevin Ochsner and Peter Bearman, “Neural precursors of future liking and affective reciprocity” draws on fMRI and longitudinal social network data collected as part of the 2014 Summer for Respect to test whether or not neural activity in one’s brain can predict one’s future liking of someone. Specifically, the authors discuss how neural activity in reward networks in the brain increases when one meets someone who one will end up liking in the future, even as they’re unaware of any attraction in the present.
History Reconsidered: Writing to complicate the narrative, with Clint Smith
As part of our INCITEment series, Clint Smith presented in a workshop entitled “History Reconsidered: Writing to complicate the narrative." Clint Smith is a writer, teacher and Ph.D. candidate at Harvard University whose work has appeared in The New Yorker, The Atlantic, The Paris Review and The New Republic. During the presentation he read from several of his poems that covered everything from mass incarceration to the use of drones to warm memories of growing up with his parents. The conversation, held at Buell Hall, attracted more than 100 attendees.
This event is part of our INCITEment series which aims to promote conversation between the university community and the broader public. The goal of this public series is to improve public discourse surrounding the most pressing political and social issues which we currently face. This event was also co-sponsored by the Columbia University Institute for Research in African American Studies (IRAAS).
Principal Investigators that are a part of INCITE’s Research and Empirical Analysis of Labor Migration (REALM) project presented at the OECD’s International Forum on Migration Statistics as part of a panel, entitled “Pioneering Approaches for Data collection on Mobile Populations: Migrant Flows and Recruitment Pathways to the GCC.”
Organized by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), the inaugural International Forum on Migration Statistics 2018 Conference brought together 500 participants from 90 countries, including government representatives, researchers, and civil society and private sector leaders. Participants presented on and discussed statistical research and policy on labor migration.
Chaired by INCITE’s Charlotte Wang, the panel included several REALM investigators presenting on the innovative methods they are using to improve statistical research on temporary migration. The participants and presentations are as follows:
“Pairing Administrative Datasets with Google Trends to Infer Migrant Flows and Sending Country Impacts”
Susan Godlonton, Williams College, Department of Economics
“Using Mobile Phone Technology to Study Migrant Recruitment Processes in Pakistan”
Rabia Malik, New York University in Abu Dhabi, Department of Political Science
"A Large-Scale Survey of International Migrants from a Rural Area of Bangladesh”
Randall Kuhn, University of California Los Angeles, Fielding School of Public Health
“Tracing Informal Recruitment Relationships through Panel Surveys on Migrants”
Bilesha Weeraratne, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka
For more information on these specific studies and others, please see our current projects page. Thanks to everyone who participated in this important conference!
The Columbia Center for Oral History Research (CCOHR) and INCITE have recently completed an oral history project with the Harriman Institute at Columbia University. The project investigated the impressive role played by the Harriman Institute in area studies and academia and its influence on US foreign policy in the post-Soviet region. By analyzing the history of the field of area studies, CCOHR and INCITE aimed to understand the relationship between the academy and government in the development of foreign policy.